Territory: 1,248,000 km²
Population: 13.2 million
Estimated contaminated area: min. 58 km²
Mine Situation in Chad
In 1973, Libyan military forces invaded the Aouzou strip in Chadian territory, claiming that it belonged to them. After the invasion, the Libyan government provided support to certain rebel groups that opposed the Chadian government which reinforced an already existing internal conflict within the country. War between Chad and Libya persevered until 1989 when both countries agreed to let the International Court of Justice (ICJ) make a decision concerning the Aozou strip.
As a result of the Libyan invasion and the internal conflict, Chad became heavily contaminated with mines. It is considered to be amongst the 10 most contaminated countries in the world. The exact number of mines and mine casualties is unknown.
Chad signed the Mine Ban Treaty, and according to the treaty it has to clear all mines by the end of 2019. There is, however, no certainty that they will be able to meet such requirements.
DEMIRA in Chad
In 2013 DEMIRA conducted a fact-finding mission in Chad on behalf of the German Federal Foreign Office to evaluate the performance and capabilities of the Chadian mine action programme as well as the efficiency and effectiveness of funds Germany spent for local demining activities.